Advising a young writer, E. B. White, one of the greatest American writers, said: “You ask me about writing — how I did it. There is no trick to it. I must have written half-a-million words before I had anything published.”

E.B. White is, of course, famous for co-authoring The Elements of Style, and writing several timeless children’s books.

Your writing could be limited to sending a few e-mails or you could be producing more elaborate documents like reports, proposals or procedures, but think about it: How many words have you written cumulatively so far?

By a conservative calculation, say you send out five e-mails per day each about 40 words long over 22 working days for 11 working months in a year and multiply that by 10 years of work experience, you have also written nearly half-a-million words so far, if not more.

But what is the current trajectory of your written communication skills? If your skills have been on a plateau for a long time, you are not alone.

Most people, despite using their writing skills every day, continue to struggle to express themselves clearly, commit the same mistakes and remain ignorant about good writing practices.

The way out of this jam, however, lies in initiating small changes in the following three areas that shape the quality of your writing:

* The process of writing

* Good writing practices

* Grammatical pitfalls

Process of writing: Think, write, revise

When you talk about improving your writing skills, you may start worrying about your not-so-tight grip on grammar rules or vocabulary. These things matter, of course, but the easiest way to superior writing is to tweak the very process you use to write anything — and splitting it into three distinct stages: thinking, writing and revising.

* Think before you write

Before you write anything, pause to think. Prime your mind to bring clarity and focus to your writing. Specifically, ask:


What’s the objective of the e-mail, letter or report you are writing?


Who will read what you are writing? What is their background and concerns?

Key points:

What are the key points you should cover?


What action(s), if any, do you expect from your reader(s)?

The main reason behind vague, incomplete e-mails or reports is not necessarily the poverty of language skills; often, it is insufficient thinking before writing.

Conversely, a precise, to-the-point piece of writing is always a product of someone’s investment in thinking prior to writing.

Remember, clear thinking is the way to clear writing.

* Write before you revise

Once your mind has been primed, just start writing — don’t worry too much about grammar, punctuation and tenses. If you start checking your writing at every step, you will lose momentum and break the thread of what you want to say.

Let your ideas and thoughts flow, because you will get an opportunity to fix any problems later on.

* Revise what you have written

Once you have drafted the e-mail, letter or memo, you can revise your text to weed out factual errors, grammatical mistakes and vagueness.  Says American writer and teacher William Zinsser: “Rewriting is the essence of writing well.”

It is a good practice to leave your document for a few minutes or — if you have the time — a few hours or even overnight, and look at it with fresh eyes later.

You will find that you are able to spot more mistakes and areas for improvement when you have had some time away from the document.

The impact of following the “Think, Write, Revise” strategy (TWR) will be immediate and tangible: You will write more clearly, concisely and make fewer errors.

TWR is simple, but as best-selling author Richard Bach said: “Simplest things are often the truest.”

Part 2: practical tips on good writing practices and common grammatical pitfalls.